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This wiki entry is about everything Pokémon. The word Pokémon is shortened from its origin, the Japanese title of the show Pocket Monsters.

Pokémon's official international logo for its titles

Pokémon (pronounced POH-ki-MON or POH-kay-MON - its Japanese pronunciation: ポケットモンスター) translates directly to Pocket Monsters, ポケモン ((shortened to Pokémon)), and may also be written as PKMN, is a trading card, tv series, video game conglomerate owned by Creatures, Game Freak, and Nintendo.[1] All three companies share the franchise's copyright, with Nintendo owning the rights to the trademark itself.[2] They first showed up on the scene when Pokémon Red and Green Versions on the original Nintendo Game Boy handheld system were released on February 27, 1996.[3]. This pair of games was developed by GameFreak and Published by Nintendo. The original Gameboy series has evolved quite far from its humble beginnings and has inspired a multitude of different spinoffs: a trading card game, an anime, multiple manga, an assortment of various toys, and many different original Pokémon themed games across different systems and consoles.


Originally created by Satoshi Tajiri in 1995, the franchise primarily focuses on fictional creatures aptly known as "Pokémon". Tajiri had first thought of the concept back in 1989 / 1990 upon the Game Boy's release. In the PokéWorld, humans are often referred to as Pokémon Trainers (trainers catch these monsters with a device called a Pokéball, battle other trainers, and train various different varieties of these creatures). These concepts seen in the Pokémon Universe stem from Satoshi's childhood hobby of insect collecting.[4] These elements of training, battling, and capturing are seen in just about every iteration of the franchise - from the video games to the trading card game.

Pocket Monsters Red and Green

The term "Pokémon" found its origin from the translation of the 1997 / 1998 Pocket Monsters video games for English speaking countries. Acquiring the trademark in Japan was no trouble at all, but where the company ran into difficulty was when attempting to acquire the rights in America. A preexisting company called Monster in My Pocket caused some unforeseen issues. Thus, the name Pokémon was born from the romanized contraction of the words "Pocket Monsters".


Generation 1[edit]

In its infancy, the idea was originally referred to as Capsule Monsters (shortened to CapuMon) by Tajiri. After Nintendo released the Game Link Cable, Tajiri saw this as a perfect fit for his bug catching adventure. His pitch was well received and after teaming up with Shigeru Miyamoto, work on the series' Red and Green versions went into full force. The games were released in Japan in early 1996 and saw almost instant success despite being a bit less advanced than other titles around this time. Although the game's sound and graphics weren't groundbreaking, copies sold fast and was shortly followed by an updated and improved third version thereafter.

Following the success of the video game series, an anime was set into production. The show tells the story of the protagonist Ash Ketchum (known in Japan as Satoshi), a 20 year old Pokémon trainer, as he and his group of friends travel the world along with their Pokémon companions. The show was well received until late 1997 when episode 38 of the series aired containing a flashing strobe effect and caused epileptic seizures in over 600 children watching. Fortunately there were no casualties from this incident, but the show took a slight break for a few months before later returning to finish the remainder of the season.

Following up to the original Anime's storyline of Ash and his pals traversing the region of Johto, Pokémon: Adventures in the Orange Islands, Pokémon: Johto Journeys, Pokémon: Johto League Champions, and Pokémon: Master Quest were released. Pokémon: Adventures in the Orange Islands replaces Ash's friend Brock with a character named Tracey Sketchit (an artist and "Pokémon watcher") as Ash adventures through the Orange Islands. Pokémon: Johto Journeys, Johto League Champions, and Master Quest all showcase Ash, Misty, and Brock journeying throughout the western Johto region.

Sparked from the success of the games released in Japan and their impending release in the U.S., development began on creating sequels to them. Rather than releasing the sequels immediately, Game Freak decided to create a fourth game (Pokemon Yellow Special Pikachu Edition), thus allowing them more time develop their other promised sequels to games Red, Green, and Blue.

Generation 2[edit]

After the sequels (Generation 2) were released to the public in Japan in 1999 and in 2000 in the US, Pokémon Gold and Silver brought players into the Pokémon world of color through the Game Boy Color. They released one hundred new Pokémon and two new types were released to try and introduce a more systematic balance to the game. The game's Pokédex boasted a total of 251 different Pokémon to train, battle, and collect throughout the Johto region. Just as the previous generation before it, an improved version (Pokémon Crystal) was later released and focused on legendary Pokémon Suicune. The Crystal version also was the first of the series to have a female playable character. During 2001, a handheld gaming system called the Pokémon Miniwas released in Japan and North America, making its way to Europe in 2002.

Generation 3[edit]

Upon Generation 3's release, games Ruby and Sapphire were not met with as much acceptance as their previous generations. Many in the Pokémon community saw them as a disappointment. While there were 135 new Pokémon were introduced in the games, both Ruby and Sapphire were incompatible with all previous generations. These games also left out the day-and-night system that was introduced in Generation 2. All 184 of the previously released 251 Pokémon were unable to be captured without cheating. This was later settled with the release of two remakes to the original duo (Ruby and Sapphire) with games FireRed and LeafGreen, containing many of the previously missed Pokémon. Generation 3 also had a third game released, titled Emerald, which was highly enjoyed Pokémon players who battled competitively with the introduction of its Battle Frontier feature. As for the anime, Ash's longtime friend and traveling companion Misty was replaced by the new female character May.

Generation 4[edit]

In 2006, Pokémon Diamond and Pearl was released for the Nintendo DS. There were 107 new types of Pokémon included, which brought the total count to 493.[5] The DS has a touch screen which allows players unique features by using the stylus and the "Pokétch". Online multiplayer battling and trading through the use of Nintendo's Wi-Fi Connection were introduced. The games also returned the day-and-night system of the Second Generation and were set in a new region called Sinnoh. Two years after their release, Generation 4's Diamond and Pearl saw an upgrade as well with the release of Pokémon Platinum in 2008 (in Japan) and 2009 (in the United States, Europe, and Australia). A few notable spin off games were Pokémon Battle Revolution for Wii and Pokémon HeartGold and SoulSilver for the DS. Both DS versions took place in the region of Johto and were released in 2009 in Japan and 2010 in the U.S.[6]

Generation 5[edit]

Pokemon Black and White Cover Art

Pokemon's Fifth Generation began with the release of Pokémon Black and White in Japan for Nintendo DS on September 18, 2010.[7] In 2011, Black and White was also released to North America, Australia, and Europe. The game is set in the region of Unova (inspired by New York City). 156 new Pokémon in total were added to the roster, bringing the total number to 649. Since the release of Generation One, this was the only other generation to have had such a high number of types released. New game mechanics such as uploading game data the Internet, to a player's computer, and wireless interactivity were introduced.[8] Sequels to Black and White (Black 2 and White 2) had several events in the games referencing previous events from their predecessors. In Black 2 and White 2, players were able to connect it to Black or White, thus gaining access to new events depending on how they played the previous game. The sequels also included many unique Pokémon from different regions.

Generation 6[edit]

The sixth generation of games began in 2013 with Pokémon X and Y for the Nintendo 3DS.[9] This was the first time a pair of Pokémon games were released and simultaneously available worldwide.[10] These were the first of the Pokémon games to be rendered in 3D and included specific 3D models for each Pokémon. Only 72 new Pokémon were added, making the total number up to 721. Although so few Pokémon were introduced, the series unveiled its new Mega Evolution feature as an attempt to balance out the lack of new types. Fairy types were added, online features were improved, Super Training, Pokémon-Amie, new ways of finding Shiny Pokémon (Horde Encounter, chain fishing, and the return of Poké Radar), new styles of battle, and trainer customization was introduced. In 2014, Pokémon Omega Ruby and Alpha Sapphire was released worldwide as remakes of the original third generation games Pokémon Ruby and Sapphire. Omega Ruby and Alpha Sapphire both boasted new Mega Evolutions and Primal Reversion.

Generation 7[edit]

Pokémon Sun and Moon for the Nintendo 3DS were released worldwide in 2016 just in time for the franchise's 20th anniversary. 81 new Pokémon appeared, bringing the total number to 802. Specific Pokémon types were given a new form which changed their types and move sets. An extremely powerful move, the Z-move, was added and is usable by any Pokémon once per battle. The games are set in the Hawaii inspired Alola region and both were translated and released in English, French, Italian, Japanese, Spanish, Korean, German, and also Chinese.[11]


Monster in My Pocket[edit]

March of 2000, a small toy developer known as Morrison Entertainment Group, based out of Manhattan Beach California decided to pursue legal action and sue Nintendo claiming that Pokémon infringed on their own characters from Monster in My Pocket. The ruling was made that Nintendo did not infringe on Morrison Entertainment Group, and M.E.G. appealed the ruling. In February of 2003, the U.S. Court of Appeals had the suit dismissed.[12]

PETA and Animal cruelty[edit]

PETA came forward in 2012, publicly criticizing Pokémon saying that the franchise supported animal cruelty on the grounds that the game's concept of capturing creatures and force fighting them. Comparisons were made between elements of battling and training Pokémon to dog fighting and cock fights. To raise awareness for their cause, PETA released a spoof game in which Pokémon battle trainers at a chance to win back their freedoms. In 2016, PETA resurfaced with yet another objection against the franchise with the release of the popular mobile game Pokémon Go. They took to social media and promoted their cause, raising awareness with the hashtag #GottaFreeThemAll.[13]

Pokémon Go[edit]

Pokémon GO's official mobile game logo

Many people came forward voicing safety concerns within days of the release of the mobile game Pokémon Go. Some complained of suffering injuries related to falling or being distracted while playing the game.[14] Various police departments spanning the U.S. issues warnings dealing with trespassing, not playing while driving, and even being targeted by criminals while having one's attention diverted while out capturing Pokémon. The game suffered quite a bit of backlash from media outlets about the game's GPS focused location tracking elements of younger players.[15] Despite the negative press, Pokémon Go averaged between 15 and 21 million active players worldwide at its peak of popularity, taking the world by storm.[16]


There are currently 802 known species of Pokémon. Pokémon types are based on many different varieties of plants, animals, natural elements, etc and live all across the world. Usually, certain types can be found in specific areas (grass types in green areas, water types in bodies of water, etc) in the different regions.

When a Pokémon is born, it hatches from an egg. Throughout their lives, many Pokémon will evolve as they grow stronger. Pokémon are not immortal creatures, as the anime clearly shows that Pokémon are mortal beings and can pass away.

Usually when a Pokémon is captured by a trainer, they are kept in a specially designed, round piece of technology called a Poké Ball. Poké Balls allow for safe keeping, easy transportation, and the ability to quickly call on a specific Pokémon for battle. Some trained Pokémon prefer to remain outside of their Poké Ball and travel by foot with their Trainer. Wild Pokémon are often jealous of others that have been captured and who have human Trainers.[17]

Some of these creatures have much higher power levels than others, and because of this, are known as Legendary Pokémon. It is believed that while these Legendary Pokémon roam freely in the wild, their power levels remain legendary, but after being captured by a Trainer with a Poké Ball their abilities are greatly reduced.

Other Languages and Translations[edit]


Language Name Origin
Japanese ポケモン Pokémon From ポケットモンスター (known as Pocket Monsters in Japan).
English Pokémon This is the same as its Japanese name - the letter é is used as the representation for the -ay sound.
Chinese (Mandarin) 寶可夢 / 宝可梦 Pokémon*
神奇寶貝 / 神奇宝贝 Shénqí Bǎobèi*
小精灵 Xiǎojīnglíng*
Transliteration of Japanese name.
From 神奇的口袋中的寶貝 / 神奇的口袋中的宝贝 Shénqí de kǒudài zhōng de bǎobèi. 神奇宝贝 / 神奇寶貝 translated means magical creatures.
This is the same as its former name in Cantonese.
Chinese (Cantonese) 寶可夢 Pokémon*
小精靈 Síujīnglìhng*
寵物小精靈 Chúngmaht Síujīnglìhng*
精靈 Jīnglìhng*
Same as Mandarin name.
From 寵物小精靈 Chúngmaht Síujīnglìhng. 小精靈 translated means little creature.
This is the same as the name of the series.
From 寵物小精靈 Chúngmaht Síujīnglìhng. 精靈 translated means creature.
Korean 포켓몬 Pokémon Comes from 포켓몬스터 Pocket Monsters.
Arabic بوكيمون Bukimun English name transliterated
Belarusian, Bulgarian
Russian, Ukrainian
Покемон Pokémon English name transliterated
Greek Πόκεμον Pókemon English name transliterated
Hebrew פוקימון Pokémon English name transliterated
Hindi पोकेमोन Pokémon English name transliterated
Tamil போகிமொன் Pokémon English name transliterated
Telugu పోకీమాన్ Pokémon English name transliterated
Urdu پوکيمون Pokémon English name transliterated
Thai โปเกมอน Pokémon English name transliterated
Vietnamese Pokémon
Bửu Bối Thần Kỳ*
This is the same as the English name.
Comes from the former name in Chinese.

Pocket Monsters

Language Name Origin
Japanese ポケットモンスター Pocket Monsters Comes from ポケット poketto - known as pocket and モンスター monsutā - known as monsters.
Chinese (Mandarin) 精靈寶可夢 / 精灵宝可梦 Jīnglíng Pokémon*
神奇的口袋中的寶貝 / 神奇的口袋中的宝贝 Shénqí de kǒudài zhōng de bǎobèi*
宠物小精灵 Chǒngwù Xiǎojīnglíng*
From 精靈 / 精灵 jīnglíng (creature) and 寶可夢 / 宝可梦 Pokémon (Japanese name transliterated).
This means the magical creatures in the pocket.
This is the same as the former name in Cantonese.
Chinese (Cantonese) 精靈寶可夢 Jīnglìhng Pokémon*
寵物小精靈 Chúngmaht Síujīnglìhng*
This is the same as its name in Mandarin.
This means pet creature.
Korean 포켓몬스터 Pocket Monsters Comes from 포켓 poket - means pocket and 몬스터 monseuteo - means monsters.
Thai พ็อกเก็ตมอนสเตอร์ Pocket Monsters Comes from พ็อกเก็ต (pocket) and มอนสเตอร์ (monsters).
Russian Карманные монстры Pocket Monsters Comes from Карманные (pocket) and монстры (monsters).

Related articles[edit]

External Links[edit]

Official Website Links[edit]

Official Pokémon Social Media Accounts[edit]


  1. ^ "Pokémon Company Ownership History". ポケットモンスターオフィシャルサイト.
  2. ^ ポケットモンスター 赤・緑| ポケットモンスター 赤・緑 (Directly translates in english to: Pokémon Red and Green). The Pokémon Company.
  3. ^ The Ultimate Game Freak
  4. ^ The Countdown to Diamond and Pearl Part 4
  5. ^ Pokémon HeartGold and SoulSilver Get Release Date
  6. ^ 『ポケットモンスターブラック・ホワイト』公式サイト | ポケットモンスターオフィシャルサイト (translates to "Pocket Monster Black · White" Official Website | Pocket Monster Official Site)
  7. ^ Cギア | 『ポケットモンスターブラック・ホワイト』公式サイト (translates to C gear | Pocket Monster Black · White official website
  8. ^ Pokémon X & Y Arrives on 3DS Worldwide in October
  9. ^ Pokemon X and Y Announcement Trailer
  10. ^ | Pokémon Sun & Moon Unveiled for 3DS for Holiday 2016
  11. ^ | 4LICENSING CORP 10-K filed 3/31/2003
  12. ^ | #GottaFreeEmAll: Pokémon Go criticised by PETA for 'animal cruelty' parallels
  13. ^ | Pokemon Go’s unexpected side effect: injuries
  14. ^ | While you track Pokémon, Pokémon Go tracks you
  15. ^ | How many people are actually playing Pokémon Go? Here’s our best guess so far.
  16. ^ | The 10 Things You Forgot About Pokemon's First Episode Page 2 Of 2